Orthodontics - Airways and Braces

At Capstone Dental,  we are conservative and wholistic in our approach, so it is important for us to treat the person and not just the teeth.  Orthodontic treatment is suitable for children and adults of all ages and we can discuss the best approach for your situation and needs.  

Dental anatomy - tonsils and throat adenoids and nasal airways

Dental anatomy - tonsils and throat adenoids and nasal airways

Wait! What do my airways have to do with braces and orthodontics?

Crooked teeth have a lot to do with the development of your jaws and this in turns is often associated with your airways, breathing habits, muscles, tongue posture and jaw joints.

Compromised airways and underdeveloped jaws not only lead to crooked teeth, but can adversely affect the quality of your breathing, sleep, energy levels, jaw function, facial profile, chronic pain and affect your overall health.  Your airways and sleep may be compromised because of your adenoids or tonsils or nasal obstruction.  Because of this, we may refer you to Ear Nose Throat (ENT) specialists, sleep specialists or physiotherapists to help address your other health matters.

So orthodontics is more than just about straightening the teeth.  Using a combination of treatments, we want to not only give you a straight smile, but improve the overall health of your teeth, jaw and overall wellbeing.

    Dental Orthodontics - Early intervention for children

    Dental Orthodontics - Early intervention for children

    Why is early orthodontics important for children?

    By the time a child turns 12 years old, about 85% of the bones in their skull have developed. Because there is an association between crooked teeth and compromised airways, the growth, learning and development of a child can also be affected.  Hence we recommend having an orthodontic consultation as soon as you notice any issues with their jaw, teeth, breathing or airways. The earlier we detect and address the issues, the better the potential outcome for your child.

    Dental Orthodontics - traditional braces

    Dental Orthodontics - traditional braces


    Why do I need orthodontic treatment?

    If you have any or a combination of the following symptoms, we do recommend having an orthodontic consultation.

    • Crooked teeth
    • Small jaw
    • Mouth breathing
    • Sleeping with mouth open
    • Snoring, poor quality sleep
    • Bruxism/grinding/clenching
    • Large or infected tonsils/adenoids
    • Jaw joint pain
    • Chronic bed wetting
    Orthodontics Orthopaedic expanders - dental plates

    Orthodontics Orthopaedic expanders - dental plates

    Orthodontics braces cleaning teeth

    Orthodontics braces cleaning teeth

    What is involved with orthodontic treatment?

    Every patient and every mouth is different and so we give all our patients a detailed consultation to understand your situation and needs, and then tailor the treatment to you.

    The general steps involved for orthodontics include:

    1. Initial Consultation

    • Comprehensive examination and analysis of the teeth and jaw, photographs,  teeth impressions, x-rays, detailed discussion and report of treatment options, limitations,risks


    2. Orthopaedic Stage (Jaw development)

    • Wearing of upper/lower expanders if appropriate

    • Wearing of jaw repositioning appliances if appropriate
    • Wearing of space maintainers/retainers if appropriate


    3. Orthodontic Stage

    • Fixed Braces: Traditional metal or clear/ceramic brackets with wires that slowly put pressure on your teeth to move them into the right position

    • Clear Aligner Braces: Clear hard plastic trays that slowly put pressure on your teeth to move them into the right position


    4. Retention Stage

    • Removable retainers (plates) or fixed retainers (wires) that are placed after orthodontic treatment to help maintain the position of your teeth